Bies, Ann, Mark Ferguson, Karen Katz, and Robert MacIntyre. 1995. Bracketing guidelines for Treebank II style Penn Treebank project. Tech. Rep. MS-CIS-95-06, LINC LAB 281, University of Pennsylvania Computer and Information Science Department.

Butler, Alastair. 2015. Linguistic Expressions and Semantic Processing: A Practical Approach. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Den, Yasuharu, Junpei Nakamura, Toshinobu Ogiso, and Hideki Ogura. 2008. A proper approach to Japanese morphological analysis: Dictionary, model, and evaluation. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2008), pages 1019–1024. Marrakech, Morocco: European Language Resources Association (ELRA).

Levy, Roger and Galen Andrew. 2006. Tregex and tsurgeon: tools for querying and manipulating tree data structure. In 5th International conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.

Maekawa, Kikuo. 2003. Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese: Its design and evaluation. In Proceedings of the ISCA \& IEEE Workshop on Spontaneous Speech Processing and Recognition (SSPR2003). Tokyo.

Maekawa, Kikuo, Makoto Yamazaki, Toshinobu Ogiso, Takehiko Maruyama, Hideki Ogura, Wakako Kashino, Hanae Koiso, Masaya Yamaguchi, Makiro Tanaka, and Yasuharu Den. 2014. Balanced corpus of contemporary written Japanese. Language Resources and Evaluation 48(2):345–371.

Randall, Beth. 2009. CorpusSearch 2 Users Guide. (

Santorini, Beatrice. 2010. Annotation manual for the Penn Historical Corpora and the PCEEC (Release 2). Tech. rep., Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. (